Hans Loewald’s contributions to the field of psychoanalysis are many. Through his work Loewald helped to integrate and transform psychoanalytic theory. Hans Loewald is a comprehensive and original theorist on a par with any major post-Freudian thinker, yet neither his ideas nor his person have become the. Int J Psychoanal. Feb;85(Pt 1) Hans Loewald: a radical conservative. Whitebook J(1). Author information: (1)[email protected] Comment in Int.

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He distinguishes between the primary process in which the child experiences only sounds fantasyand the secondary process, in which the child gives meaning to these sounds reality. The paper includes brief reflections on how to assess psychoanalytic theories, like Loewald’s, developed before empirical research that seems to challenge them. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This author tries to show how Loewald attempts to reconcile many of the rigid oppositions that often become reified in analytic controversies: She suggests that Loewald holds in all of these realms, and without apparent contradiction, a doubled–emphatically ego-psychological and emphatically object-relational–perspective, and an equal commitment to both the first topography and the structural theory.

Loewald, contrary to Freud, saw the parents as complementary with both advantages and disadvantages of their own. Comment in Int J Psychoanal. Freud saw guilt as something that should be evaded, Loewald regarded it as something that had to be worked through to complete the individuation process – the passing of the baton from one generation to the next.

Psychopathology is caused by a split between these processes, between fantasy and reality. The article examines how Eros, understood in terms of the psyche’s synthetic strivings, plays a major role in Loewald’s bans. The author also situates Loewald’s position within contemporary psychoanalytic discussions of loeawld. His views throughout are undergirded by a bi-directional developmental view that centers on differentiation and integration.

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He loewxld able to accomplish the difficult feat of remaining non-sectarian and systematic at the same time.

The psychoanalytic vision of Hans Loewald.

Loewald described the experience of the transference as loeawld to “an illness, insofar as it is a regressive and unsettling experience, not dissimilar to While apparently a traditional Freudian, Loewald in his thinking is both elegant and quietly revisionist [1] – a radical conservatist.

Unlike SullivanDaniel Sternand Freud, whose understanding of language included a sharp distinction between verbal and preverbal expressions, Loewald states that verbal and preverbal expressions are loeaald form of sensory experience.

Hans Loewald’s work was relatively marginalized in its day and it is little known outside the United States. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Hans Loewald — was a German-American psychoanalyst and theorist. The task of ego development is to integrate both parts. His paper of the waning of the Oedipus Complex is considered particularly illuminating.

The Impossible Profession p.

The psychoanalytic vision of Hans Loewald.

His father, who died shortly after his birth, was a Loewld physician with an interest in dermatology and psychiatry; his mother a gifted musician, who played the piano. Gay, Reading Freud p. Loewald approached language from a perspective that is unique among analytic theorists. This section does not cite any sources. Because of his concern with the autonomy and individuality of the patient, he is concerned with the clinical dangers rising from an overemphasis on the subjectivity of the analyst.

These discussions tend to criticize the objectivism of modern science-and analysis in so far as it models itself on science-and stress countertransference and the subjectivity of the analyst.

Loewald was born in Colmarthen Germany. Loewald’s attractiveness as a theoretician is due, in no small part, to his rigor and synthetic reach. The father presents autonomy to the child and thus protects the child from engulfment by the mother, which could lead to ego loss.


In this paper the author attempts to characterize the scope and depth of Loewald’s theory–his vision of the psyche and psychic life, or metapsychology, his characterization of the psychoanalytic process, and his vision of the clinical loewaldd human goals of psychoanalysis.

Eros Jonathan Lear Kiekegaard. Views Read Edit View history.

From Wikipedia, the free llewald. Drawing on the work of Melanie Klein to integrate pre-oedipal and oedipal phases, Loewald saw internalisationwhen successful, as leading to complete detachment from the original object. Indeed, Loewald’s work contains an integrative vision that is unusual in today’s fragmented psychoanalytic world.

Loewald also wrote an illuminating study of the Freud-Jung relationship under the title ‘Transference and Counter-Transference’.

Hans W. Loewald Memorial Award — IFPE

Mental health entails an open communication and interpenetration between the primary and the secondary process. It is, however, assuming increasing importance in American psychoanalysis. Loewald did medical training in Germany – where he also studied philosophy with Martin Heideggerwho would influence him with his theory of language [2] – before taking a medical degree from Rome University in looewald August Learn how and when to remove this loeeald message.

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